Drugs and Therapies – Antibiotics – InsuranceNewsNet

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August 30, 2022 (NewsRx) — By a News Reporter – Staff News Editor at Daily Insurance News — A new study on antibiotics is now available. According to news from Louisville, Kentuckyby NewsRx editors, the research said, “Little is known about the distribution of antibiotic use among children over time.”

Financial supporters of this research include the Kentucky Cabinet For Health And Family Services: Department of Medicaid Services; Norton Children’s Hospital, The University of Louisville: Medicine School, Department of Pediatrics; School of Public Health and Information Sciences; Duke University School of Medicine.

Journalists got a citation from the research of University of Louisville School of Medicine: “The amoxicillin index is a measure recently proposed to assess the prescription of first-line antibiotics to children. We constructed a cohort of children permanently enrolled in Medicaid using enrollment claims from 2012 to 2017. Drug claims were used to identify antibiotic prescription data. Among 169,724 children with 6 years of Medicaid enrollment, 10,804 (6.4%) had no antibiotic claims during the study period; 43,473 (25.6%) had 1 to 3 antibiotics; 34,318 (20.2%) had 4 to 6 antibiotics; 30,994 (18.3%) had 7-10; 35,018 (20.6%) had 11-20; and 15,117 (8.9%) children had more than 20 antibiotic prescriptions. Overall, the population had a median total of 6 antibiotic prescriptions over the study period, but usage was higher in certain patient groups: younger age (8 antibiotic refills on the 6 year period, [IQR 4-14]), white children (7 [IQR 3-13]against 3 [IQR 1-6] among black children), rural (9 [IQR 4-15]) and chronic diseases (8 [IQR 4-15]). The high-use groups also had lower rates of amoxicillin refills, reported as amoxicillin indices.

According to the reporters, the research concluded, “Antibiotic use is common among most Kentucky Medicaid-insured children. A number of fills over time were higher in younger children and in white children, children living in rural areas, and children with chronic conditions. Patients with higher recurrent antibiotic use are important targets for designing high-impact antibiotic management efforts.

For more information on this research, see: Recurrent Antibiotic Use in Kentucky Children with 6 Years of Continuous Medicaid Enrollment. Journal of the Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases2022. The editor of Journal of the Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases is Oxford University Press (OUP).

A free version of this review article is available at https://doi.org/10.1093/jpids/piac079.

Our editors report that additional information can be obtained by contacting Bethany A Wattles, Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, United States. Other authors of this research include Michael J Smith, Yana FeyginKahir S Jawad, Sagnik Bhadury, Jingchao Sun, Maying KongCharles R Woods.

ORCID is an identifier for authors and includes bibliographic information. Here is the ORCID information for the author of this search: Bethany A Wattles (http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4114-8824).

(Our reports provide factual information on research and discoveries around the world.)

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