Livestock Antibiotic Changes Coming Soon

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There are a few changes coming to over-the-counter antibiotic availability that the breeder will want to familiarize themselves with soon to ensure they are properly prepared before the changes are implemented in 2023.

What is being implemented is the Food and Drug Administration’s (GFI) Industry Guidance No. 263 titled “Recommendations that sponsors of medically important antimicrobial drugs approved for use in animals voluntarily place under veterinary supervision all products that continue to be available in over-the-counter.”

Antimicrobial resistance

The reason for this change is to ensure that there is veterinary oversight of drugs that are medically important to human medicine and to address the growing resistance of antimicrobials in human medicine by multiple bacteria that have become resistant to these antibiotics.

The rationale for this is outlined in the September 2018 paper from the FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine, Supporting Antimicrobial Stewardship in Veterinary Settings Goals for Fiscal Years 2019-2023.

As follows: “Antimicrobial resistance is a national and global public health challenge.

Antimicrobial drugs:

1. Have been successfully and widely used in human and veterinary medicine for over 60 years. When used judiciously, antimicrobials can effectively fight bacterial infections. However, their use and misuse can promote the development of antimicrobial resistant bacteria. When bacteria develop resistance to an antimicrobial drug, that drug may be less effective at fighting the infection caused by that bacteria.

It is essential that we apply a One Health approach to address this important public health issue, including implementing good antimicrobial stewardship practices in human and veterinary health care settings to slow the development of resistance and prolong the useful life of antimicrobials. One Health is the effort to integrate multiple disciplines working locally, nationally and globally to achieve optimal health for people, animals and the environment.

2. This plan focuses on actions taken by the Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Veterinary Medicine and other stakeholders to support antimicrobial stewardship in veterinary facilities.

Key to understanding

I recognize that other regulations that fall on livestock producers can be onerous and potentially burdensome. The key to understanding this change is knowing that although it affects livestock (and pets), the real reason for this change is to ensure the continued effectiveness of human antibiotics to treat disease.

This is an extension of the same blueprint that gave us the Veterinary Foods Directive in 2017. In July 2021, I wrote about the importance of having a veterinarian-client-patient relationship in place.

This relationship, the foundation of how we care for our patients and customers, has proven critical during the COVID pandemic and will play an equally important role when new antibiotic access regulations come into force in 2023. .

If you have any questions about how the changes to antibiotics will affect you and your animal production, contact your veterinarian for more information now to fully understand the upcoming changes.

Sources: Recommendations to sponsors of medically important antimicrobial drugs approved for use in animals to voluntarily subject all products that continue to be available over-the-counter to veterinary oversight; Guidance for industry; Availablity federalregister.gov/documents/2021/06/11/2021-12297/recommendations-for-sponsors-of-medically-important-antimicrobial-drugs-approved-for-use-in-animals Supporting Antimicrobial Stewardship in Veterinary Settings, US Food and Drug Administration, fda.gov/media/115776/download FDA Animal Drug Regulations, US Food and Drug Administration, fda.gov/animal-veterinary/resources-you/fda-regulation-animal-drugs.

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